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Tips for First Time Pilots

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Is it your first time piloting a plane? Then here are some tips for first-time pilots like you. Tip 1: Learn as much as you can on the ground before you fly. Learn as much as you possibly can on the ground. A lot of student pilots are focused on the fun of flying and don’t take the time to do their homework. Read flight training books and articles, watch flight training videos and try to learn as much as you possibly can on the ground, then apply what you learned in the air. You might also ask, what is the best plane for a first-time pilot? Well, the best plane is a well-maintained one where the pilot is very much prepared to fly.   Tip 2: Get a weather briefing before each flight. Weather plays a great role in aviation. You need to obtain a weather briefing before each flight and if the conditions are deemed unsafe, it’s best to stay on the ground. The briefer will also let you know about any NOTAMs (notices to airmen) which might affect your flight. This includes things such as runway closures and temporary flight restrictions due to firefighting or a presidential visit. For example, you might find a fighter jet off your wing because you accidentally violated a temporary flight restriction.   Tip 3: Calculate Your Weight & Balance. You need to know how to do a weight & balance calculation since a lot of accidents are caused by pilots flying outside of the weight and balance limits for their airplane. You can expect to be tested...

Airline Travel Health Tips

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Planning a long flight? Let this article help you prepare by giving you some air travel health safety tips before the flight, during the flight and, after the flight and may you never feel unhealthy when traveling by air ever again. Before the flight The airline travel health tips already start even before settling on the plane. First, make sure that the things you need on board are within reach, which includes your medicines (if any), snacks and drinks. Pack enough of your medicines to last your whole trip in your carry-on bag as this prepares you just in case your flight gets delayed, or worse, your checked baggage gets lost. Other healthy carry-on items include disinfectant wipes, hand sanitizer, facial tissues, gum, earplugs or earphones, blanket, pillow, and eye mask. Also, try to get plenty of rest beforehand as well as eat a healthy meal and stay hydrated. Lastly, don’t forget to use the restroom before take-off since it may take a while before you may be allowed to stand and go to the toilet when the plane has taken off. On your flight Now that you are on your flight, the long air travel health tips start. First, you may want to chew gum or wear earplugs or swallow often to help ease pressure on your ears, especially during take-off and landing. Also, bring your water with you to keep yourself hydrated; avoid dehydrating drinks such as those with caffeine or alcohol. If you are at risk of getting blood clots, or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) because of prolonged sitting, try to stay active. You may engage your muscles while...

Some Cool Facts About Planes

Photo Credit: pixabay.com You already know that planes fly and they take us to places, but do you know that there are some interesting facts about airplanes don’t know about? Read on for the top cool facts about planes from various sources (i.e., Reader’s Digest, DailyMail Online, Travel and Leisure and Fact Retriever). The long, thin body of an aircraft is called the fuselage, and at the end of the fuselage is where the pilot’s man the plane, which is called the cockpit. Aircraft wings feature a shape called an airfoil which is designed to create lift as the plane moves through the air. As the airplane flies, the air pressure below and above the wings is different, which keeps the airplane airborne. This difference of pressure is termed as “lift.” The little hole in the airplane window is necessary to regulate cabin pressure. Airplane windows are made up of multiple panels, so the hole helps the middle panel from becoming stressed with pressure during flight. When a plane lands at night, cabin crews will dim the interior lights, since in the event that the landing goes badly and evacuating passengers will have their eyes already be adjusted to the darkness. White lines in the sky that follow the plane’s trail are called vapor trails or contrails, which is the result of fuel being burned; it produces carbon dioxide and water, which condenses into tiny droplets behind a plane in the air. The internet and online check-in were first used by Alaska Airlines in 1999. Airplanes are lightning-proof. There are about 200,000 flights airborne every day, across the world. The...

Some Things about the Aircraft Maintenance Training Program

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Pilots and other flight crews are the workers you might immediately think about when you think about aircraft, but those people who work behind-the-scenes also play a very important role in keeping the plane safe and efficient. These lesser known workers are called aircraft maintenance technicians. So what do aircraft maintenance technicians do? Is there such a thing as aircraft maintenance training course or an aircraft maintenance school? What is some the stuff in an aircraft maintenance training program? These may be some questions that you may have right now and we will attempt to answer these for you. What do aircraft maintenance technicians do? An Aircraft Maintenance Technician’s duties typically include replacing and repairing of aircraft parts; assembling and installing electrical, plumbing, mechanical, hydraulic, and structural components and accessories; diagnosing and repairing certain mechanical and electrical problems; testing and supporting performance standards and keeping records of all maintenance and repair work. They typically work outside, in hangars, in repair stations, on airfields. Aircraft Maintenance Training Course This course is for you if you are more interested in the inner workings of the plane rather than the trip itself. This course focuses on mechanical, electrical, electronic and other science skills related to aircraft maintenance. It also emphasizes the repair of electrical and mechanical systems within aircraft. In the duration of your study, you will concentrate on a variety of topics related to hydraulics, fuels, environmental systems, engines, flight controls, landing gear systems, airframes, and structure. Becoming an Aircraft Maintenance Technician On becoming a technician, you could choose to go to college or a technical school to...

Airline Pilot Duties

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Generally, an airline pilot’s duties and responsibilities are always geared towards safe and economic operation and management of an aircraft, whether carrying passengers or freight. They also ensure that the controls of the aircraft are working properly, weather conditions are optimal for flight and establish communications with air traffic control. Their job is very unpredictable which demands unconventional hours in a very complex workplace. For pre-flight preparation, the airline pilot’s duties include filing the flight plan and calculating fuel required, with consideration of certain weather information and passenger/cargo weights. They also conduct checks on aircraft controls, instruments, and engines. They coordinate with operations control staff, engineers and cabin crew in checking that the aircraft and its systems are prepared for departure. During the flight, the pilot with his co-pilot operates and navigates the aircraft, communicates with air traffic control, listens to weather reports, monitors engines, and systems, checks fuel consumption, and advises passengers on the progress of their flight. After landing, when the aircraft has been taxied to its final position, the pilot shuts down the engines and writes a flight report, noting any problems or technical difficulties. To summarize, the airline pilot’s job description and activities include: Carrying out pre-flight checks of aircraft systems and making sure the aircraft insurance certificates and other legal paperwork is up to date; Acquiring information about the route, weather, passengers, and aircraft to calculate best fuel quantity required; Liaising with engineers, dispatchers, cabin crew and controllers; and Briefing cabin crew, following air traffic control instructions and keeping passengers informed about progress. Some of his responsibilities also include: Ensuring that...

On Getting a Private Pilot’s License and Commercial Pilot License

Photo Credit: pixabay.com You may be wondering, what is the difference between the Private and Commercial Pilot courses? You may also be wondering, is there is such a thing in the Philippines? You may have already done countless google searches on “getting a private pilot’s license” or “what’s a private pilot license?” or “what is a commercial pilot course” but you still just can’t get what you are searching for? Well, read on as we walk you through the difference between the two. So, what’s the difference? Simply put, if you have your own plane or you have flying as a hobby, then the Private Pilot Course or PPC is the one for you. On the other hand, if you want to make aviation as your career, then the Commercial Pilot Course is the one you should take. To discuss matters further, if you graduated with a PPC, you will be considered as a non-professional pilot. PPC students shall learn the following subjects: (1) Aviation rules and regulations and appropriate air traffic practices and procedures; (2) Principles of operation of airplanes power plants, systems and instruments as well as operating limitations of airplanes; (3) Flight performance and planning; (4) Application of aeronautical meteorology as well as the procedures for obtaining meteorological information; (5) Navigation; and (6) Principles of flight. Afterwhich, you will be legitimate to apply for a Private Pilot License or PPL, which is a qualification that permits you to fly a plane (but not for compensation) or fly a plane on airplanes in non-commercial operations. Private pilot license in the Philippines already exists as of this moment and...

Why the Plane was Invented and Some Historical Tidbits

Photo Credit: pixabay.com You may wonder why the plane was invented? Due to man’s desire to discover new methods of transportation and the desire to travel long distances without the complications of terrain as well as to travel in the shortest time possible, the plane was then created. What was the first flight in history? While many believe that the airplane was invented by the Wright brothers in Kitty Hawk, N.C., it was said that the first man to fly was New Zealander Richard Pearse in 1902, eight months before the Wright brothers first flew. Pearse, according to witnesses, flew a length of 50 to 400 yards in a heavier-than-air machine. Pearse’s aircraft was the first to use proper ailerons, which allowed the wings to warp and turn the aircraft. Though many credit the invention of airplanes to the Wright brothers, Richard Pearse never reported his inventions because he didn’t know there was any interest in flying. However, the Wright brothers were the first flyers to be officially recorded and the first to have also patented their invention. Though the Wright brothers tested many gliders in the early 1900s, none of them counted as an actual aircraft, and the brothers didn’t achieve flight until late 1903 with their first plane, the Flyer I. The craft weighed over 600 pounds, and Orville Wright was the first pilot, which was decided through a toss coin. The craft remained airborne for 12 seconds and traveled a little over 120 feet. To zoom in on the aviation history of the Philippines, here is a timeline of the Philippine Airline Industry: The government created an...

HRS for the Win, Again!

The most anticipated and prestigious culinary competition in Mindanao is back in Davao City to showcase the talents, skills, and creativity of Davaoeños. The 2017 Davao Culinary Cup (DCC), powered by Philippine Culinary Cup (PCC), held its 3rd Culinary Competition last  August 29 to 31, 2017 at the Atrium of SM Lanang Premier. “It’s a competition where we actually want to introduce the standards here in Davao and of course, learn from people in Davao,”  said Chef James Antolin of LTB Manila and Competition Director of the event, when he was asked about the main objective of the event. 228 aspiring chefs from different culinary colleges,   establishments, and institutions all over Mindanao competed in the region.  This year,  6 participants from Hotel and Restaurant Services( HRS) of Asian and International School of Aeronautics and Technology vied in the Savory Category; Young Chef’s Team Category, Pasta Category, and Local Fish or Seafood Category. Despite the heightened pressure due to the changes in the rules on preparation time and quantity of servings, participants valiantly and keenly prepared their dishes. “Our one-week preparation was rigid because we had to teach the basics,” exclaimed Chef Ariel de Leon, HRS Instructor, and mentor “ Even though most of the representatives were first timers, we trust our students that they will do their best,” he added. Indeed, the efforts were all worth it! The AISAT HRS Department celebrated as Joshua San Pedro and Jose Carlos San Pedro batted the Bronze medal in the Young Chef’s Team Category with their dishes Prawn Thermidor and Prosciutto Stuffed Chicken with Mushroom and crusted Cashew Nuts. Participants really made...

What is an Airfoil in Aviation?

Photo Credit: pixabay.com You may or may not have heard what is an airfoil on an airplane. What is an airfoil and how does it work?  An airfoil is the shape of the aircraft’s wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine). It is the term used to describe the cross-sectional shape of an object that, when moved through a fluid such as air, creates an aerodynamic force. Airfoils are employed on aircraft as wings to produce lift or as propeller blades to produce thrust. Both these forces are produce perpendicular to the air flow. Drag is a consequence of the production of lift/thrust and acts parallel to the airflow. Other airfoil surfaces include tailplanes, fins, winglets, and helicopter rotor blades. Control surfaces are shaped to contribute to the overall aerofoil section of the wing or empennage The basic principle behind an aerofoil is described by Bernoulli’s theorem. Basically, this states that total pressure is equal to static pressure (due to the weight of air above) plus dynamic pressure (due to the motion of air). Air that travels over the top surface of the aerofoil has to travel faster and thus gains dynamic pressure. The subsequent loss of static pressure creates a pressure difference between the upper and lower surfaces that is called the lift and opposes the weight of an aircraft (or thrust that opposes drag). As the angle of attack (the angle between the chord line and relative air flow) is increased, more lift is created. Once the critical angle of attack is reached (generally around 14 degrees) the aerofoil will stall. According to Dynamic Flight (2002), several terms are used to describe what...

Are Solar Planes the Future of Flight?

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Between years 2015 and 2016, Solar Impulse 2, the first flying solar aircraft, completed a circumnavigation of the Earth. This may be quite an achievement in aviation since aircrafts are mostly being propelled by fuel-powered engines. This may also be an environmental achievement, as it only uses solar power to make airplanes fly, as opposed to fuel which would bring about a heavy amount of carbon emissions in the atmosphere. Now that Solar Impulse 2 has flown and completed a turn around the Earth, are solar planes the future of flight? How does a solar-powered airplane work anyway? Here’s a preview of how it works, from revolvy.com: a Solar cell converts sunlight into electricity, either for direct power or temporary storage. The power output of solar cells is small, even when many are connected together, which limits their use and is also expensive. However, their use of freely available sunlight makes them attractive for high-altitude, long-endurance applications. For endurance flights, keeping the craft in the air all night typically requires a backup storage system, which supplies power during the hours of darkness and recharges during the day. Now back to the journey of the first flying solar aircraft. Solar Impulse 2’s journey to circumnavigate the Earth took more than a year, 505 days to be exact, to fly 26,000 miles (42,000 km) at an average speed of about 45 mph (70 kph). Despite its relatively slow speed and relatively low altitude, Swiss pilots Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg successfully landed the Solar Impulse 2 aircraft in Abu Dhabi on July 26, 2016, after flying around the world using...

General Familiarization Training

Asian International School of Aeronautics and Technology organized a General Familiarization Course for Cessna 152 & 172, as well as for Continental Engine CD 135 known as TAE (Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH) – 125 – 02 – 99 in its Davao Campus and Hangar on August 26 and 27, 2017. The facilitator for General Familiarization for Cessna 152 & 172, Engr. De los Santos,  discussed the Aircraft ATA Chapter 100 dealing with the structures, fuselage, stabilizers, wings, propellers, power plant, engine control, engine exhaust, engine starting, oil, doors, windows, fuel, flight controls, electrical power, communication, lights, electrical power, landing gear and etc.. He also discussed the process of RTS (Return to Service) of an aircraft. Whilst, Engr. Teh explained every part and function of the Continental Diesel (CD) engine CD – 135 known as TAE (Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH) – 125 – 02 – 99, which is the only Cessna 172 diesel aircraft based in Mindanao. It is quality controlled with its highly advanced electronic system and uses a FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control). The continental diesel family engines by TMG (Technify Motors GmbH) based in Sankt Egidien, Germany is liquid cooled, turbo charged, in-line 4 cylinders & V6 common rail diesel engine, with 4 valve heads, Double Overhead Camshaft (DOHC) and controlled by the FADEC. These engines are operated through a single lever power control equipped with reduction gearbox, overload clutch, dual mass flywheel and variable pitch propeller. All engines can be operated with standard aviation jet fuel. Diesel engines do not have ignition systems which reduce maintenance requirement. What I like about this engine is its...

CAAP Meets with Davao Airport Concessionaires

CAAP Meets with Davao Airport Concessionaires The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines through the Corplan Business Unit Staffs, headed by Atty. Jerry Lerum conducted a meeting and orientation with the concession applicants at the CAAP Davao office on August 8, 2017. All the existing concessionaires in the Davao International Airport Terminal were invited to hear the presentation and proposal of the CAAP regarding the implementation of a more organized leasing arrangement between the CAAP and concessionaires. In line with this, CAAP is set to release a manual on lease agreements with concessionaires, which many will find refreshing, especially when longer lease terms are now a possibility. Most of the existing concessionaires have been relying on monthly rental agreements with the CAAP as the renewed contract for 2017 have not been released by the central office. This place many business owners in an uncertain position on whether to invest in their businesses for fear of non-renewal of contracts.     The Corplan Business Unit staff presented how they envision the Davao Airport to be a more pleasant terminal for visitors by zoning business activities as well as by increasing foot traffic in areas that do not get as much patronage due to the location of stalls. Some of the ideas that were brought up were the construction of commercial units in the parking area, to host convenient outlets or even refreshment stalls to cater to people who are waiting for passengers to arrive. The front portion of the terminal building will also be leased to ticketing offices for the convenience of passengers. The team also proposed to zone the...

Skype Guest Speaker from India

The class of JC2B of Ma’am Rizaly J. Malce based in Davao City, Philippines, had a guest speaker from India facilitated through Skype, where the guest speaker, through video call, talked about “Form of Government, Branch of Government, Women Empowerment in Politics”. The guest speaker, Arti Chopra, is the Principal of Amity International School S-46 Gurgaon, New Delhi, India. The platform is sponsored by Microsoft Education, where many other educational subjects and opportunities can be made by educators worldwide. Technology is indeed changing education and will even be more pervasive and evident in the future. Asian International School of Aeronautics & Technology is a school equipped with the latest technology and connected with high speed internet to facilitate learning and connect its students to the world. Skype Guest Speaker from India AISAT Bldg., Sta. Ana Avenue corner Leon Garcia St., Davao City, Philippines (082) 305 7992 /  (+63) 0947 778 8069...

How to Prepare for a Long Flight

Photo Credit: pixabay.com A long flight, just like any other means of transportation that takes a long while, requires preparations so that it would go on smoothly. Some of the tips how to prepare for a long flight is enumerated below: 1. Prepare a flight plan Flight planning is the process describing a proposed aircraft flight. It involves fuel calculation, to ensure that the aircraft can safely reach the destination, and compliance with air traffic control requirements, to minimise the risk of midair collision. How to prepare a flight plan? Flight planners normally wish to minimise flight cost through the appropriate choice of route, height, and speed, and by loading the minimum necessary fuel on board. These things are accomplished through looking at a flight preparation checklist. 2. Destination You have to make sure that there is enough available fuel, especially if it is a long flight. By knowing where you will go, ensure then that airports will be open and that the weather permits flight. 3. Route When you plan a route for your flight, choose a way that will allow you to fly at a safe optimum altitude for your aircraft. Also, be aware of some temporary flight restrictions when you plan your route. 4. Weather The weather is one of the most important factors when you prepare for a long flight. Get an updated weather briefing from reliable sources such as the flight service station or other reliable weather stations or sites. 5. Altitude and cruise profile If you want to fly high enough to maintain the required clearance from terrain and obstacles, you’ll want to consider the ability of...

What is Aircraft Maintenance?

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Pilots and other flight crews are the workers you might immediately think about when you think about airplanes since they are the ones who are the most visible to passengers. However, those people who work behind-the-scenes are the ones who have a very important role in keeping the plane safe and efficient. These skilled workers are called aircraft maintenance technicians or licensed aircraft maintenance technicians if they have passed the licensure exam which enables them to do their work professionally. So what is aircraft maintenance? What does an aircraft maintenance technician do? Is there such a thing as an aircraft maintenance technician course? The next few paragraphs shall attempt to answer these questions for you. First, what is aircraft maintenance? It is the system of periodically repairing, replacing, and maintaining aircraft parts and components as well as the performance of maintenance and functional checks on various aircraft systems to ensure a smooth, safe and efficient flight. This typically includes assembling and installing electrical, plumbing, mechanical, hydraulic, and structural components and accessories through using appropriate tools; checking for any corrosion, distortion, or any defects in the plane’s body, such as the fuselage, wings, and tail, using appropriate inspection equipment; examining and inspecting several aircraft components, such as landing gear and hydraulic systems; trimming and shaping replacement body sections (if any) to fit its specific size; inspecting airframes for possible wear and tear; inspecting completed work to certify that the maintenance conducted on the aircraft meets the safety and operational standards; and servicing and maintaining aircraft and related apparatus by performing activities such as flushing crankcases, cleaning screens,...

All About the Forces of Flight

Photo Credit: pixabay.com Ever wonder what keeps the plane up in the sky? The four forces of flight are thrust, lift, drag and weight. So, what are the four forces of flight and what do they do? Let us enumerate each of this for better understanding. The first force, thrust, is the force that moves the airplane forward, of which the plane’s engine is responsible. The high speed from the airplane’s thrust makes rapid air flow over the wings, which throw the air down toward the ground. From this, an upward force is generated, Called lift which is another force of flight. Lift overcomes the plane’s weight and holds it in the sky. Simply put, the lift pushes the airplane up; wings make lift by changing the direction and pressure of the air that crashes into them as the engines shoot them through the sky. The lift comes when the air below the airplane wing is pushing up harder than the air above it is pushing down; it is this difference in pressure that enables the plane to fly. Pressure can be reduced on a wing’s surface by making the air move over it more quickly. For additional information, the wings of a plane are shaped like a curve so that the air moves more quickly over the top of the wing, resulting in an upward push on the wing. Remember, it’s the engines that move a plane forward (i.e., thrust), but it’s the wings move it upward (i.e., lift). Another force, called drag, slows the airplane. For a relatable picture, drag is what you feel when you walk against a...

Preparing For Your Flight Training

Photo Credit: pixabay.com When choosing a flight school, it helps if you know why you want to go into the field of aviation. Why do you want to learn to fly? Do you want to fly only as a hobby, or are you do you want to make flying as a career? Do you want to train full time or part time? These are some of the questions that you should answer before you start considering flight training. So, how to choose a flight training school? How to prepare for a flight school? Here are three things to consider when selecting a flight training school. Quality Education quality is the most important factor when choosing a flying school. The quality of what you will learn in your school will reflect on the quality of your output when you will be sent out to the real world once you graduate. More importantly, flying a plane is a matter of life and death not only for you but for your passengers. Hence, you must be able to have a superior knowledge in the field. The excellence and the integrity of your teachers and the quality of the flying school’s curriculum is a must-have. Location Costs can be maximized when the location of your chosen flight training school is one that is close to your residence. Another consideration in choosing a school is that it is easily accessible, where you can easily go to a mall, a store, a bank or a clean and safe eatery. Moreover, since you will spend most of your time in school more than any other place,...

Things You Need to Know About Air Traffic and Safety Navigation

Photo Credit: pexels.com Ever wondered how airplanes don’t seem to run into each other? Or why is it that every time you ride a plane, there is no other plane around? There is an air traffic and safety navigation system in place which is called an air traffic control system, filled with somewhat complicated air traffic equipment that only trained individuals are allowed to manipulate. Air traffic control or ATC is a service provided by trained personnel who direct aircraft on the ground and provide advisory services to active aircraft. The primary purpose of ATC is to prevent collisions, organize and expedite the flow of air traffic, and provide information and other support for pilots, such as the weather and its destination’s airport information. To prevent collisions, ATC enforces traffic separation rules, which ensure that each aircraft maintains a minimum amount of empty space around it at all times. Many aircraft also have collision avoidance systems, which provide additional safety by warning pilots when other aircraft get too close. The primary method of controlling the immediate airport environment is through visual observation from the airport control tower. The control tower is a tall, windowed structure located on the airport grounds.  Surveillance displays are also available to controllers at larger airports to assist with controlling air traffic. Controllers may use a radar system called secondary surveillance radar for airborne traffic approaching and departing. These displays include a map of the area, the position of various aircraft, and data tags that include aircraft identification, speed, altitude, and other information described in local procedures. In adverse weather conditions, the tower controllers may also use surface movement radar (SMR), surface movement guidance and control...